Adjective vs. Adverb Review

Adjective vs. Adverb Review

Adjectives describe nouns (things).

  • My dog is slow.

Slow is an adjective since it describes the subject (my dog).

How is my dog? Slow

Adverbs describe verbs (actions).

  • My dog eats slowly.

Slowly is an adverb since it describes the way my dog eats.

How does my dog eat? Slowly.

For details see our page about Adjectives vs Adverbs.

Adverbs -LY

Adverbs are normally formed by adding -LY to the end of an adjective.

E.g. Quick – Quickly

For adjectives that end in -l or -e, we simply add -ly:

special + ly= specially
terminal + ly= terminally
literal + ly= literally
nice + ly= nicely
polite + ly= politely

There are of course some exceptions:

truetruly
wholewholly
dueduly
fullfully

Adverbs ending in -Y

For adjectives that end in -y, we remove the -y and add -ily:

crazycrazily
happyhappily

Adverbs ending in -LE

For adjectives that end in a consonant + le we remove the -e and add -y:

terribleterribly
horriblehorribly
noblenobly
idleidly

Adverbs ending in -IC

If the adjective ends in -ic, we add -ally:

ironicironically
enthusiasticenthusiastically
realisticrealistically

Except: public – publicly

Irregular Adverbs

Some adverbs are irregular:

AdjectiveAdverbExample
fastfastThe man drives very fast (quickly).
goodwellYou speak English very well.